Labrador characteristics

Labrador Characteristics – What You Need to Know

Height: 22.5-24.5 inches (male), 21.5-23.5 inches (female)

Weight: 65-80 pounds (male), 55-70 pounds (female)

Personality: Friendly, outgoing, and playful

Shedding: Sheds when seasons change

Good around Children: Yes

Exercise: 45 – 90 minutes of exercise per day

Energy Level: High energy and very active

Typical Life Expectancy: Around 10 – 12 years

General Labrador Characteristics from American Kennel Club

A Brief History of the Labrador

Before diving into specific Labrador Characteristics, it’s essential to understand where the breed comes from. By looking at Labrador Retriever history, you can learn why the dog acts the way it does. Various personality and physical traits have evolved into what we consider the modern day Labrador.


Labradors originally come from the Canadian Province of Newfoundland. The common misconception is that Labradors came from Labrador (hence the name). However, Labradors were brought to Labrador from Newfoundland.


Labradors were originally called a St. John’s Dog (also known as a lesser Newfoundland dog). They are also a relatively “new” dog breed – as the AKC officially recognized the Labrador Retriever in 1917.


The St. John’s Dog could be constantly found alongside their English settlers throughout Newfoundland. These people were avid fisherman and the St. John’s dog developed into a working dog. From retrieving fish that fell off hooks, to dragging in lines from the water – this dog was built for the outdoors.


Labradors are a very happy breed and they’re the perfect family dog. They are loyal, outgoing, and very kind once strong bonds are established. Labradors are also great around kids – as they are patient and well-mannered.


Labradors are active dogs and are known to have a lot of energy. Just know that a regular exercise routine should be an essential part of your Labradors life. Also know that all dogs have different personalities.

Some Labradors can be lazy and sit around all day, while others might be jumping off the walls from morning to night. It all depends on the specific energy level and personality traits of your dog. Just realize that there are many benefits from exercise.

One benefit of exercise is calming down misbehaved dogs. If you have a Labrador that acts up and is disobedient – he just might need more exercise to wear him down. The actions of poorly behaved dogs can actually be traced back to the actions of their owner.

One of the reasons why Labradors are a great family dog is because of their high energy. They can bounce around from various people in your household – and they will never get tired of the different personalities they encounter.

Behavior and Traits

Frequent chewing can be quite common for Labradors. Many Labradors feel a sense of comfort from having objects in their mouth. This could have been passed down from their ancestors – from retrieving fish and game through fishing and hunting.

It’s best to keep a close eye on your Labrador during the puppy stage. Furniture and shoes can become targets for chewing. You should invest in some durable chew toys in order to avoid this destruction. You can have a peace of mind when you’re Labrador is alone or no one is around to watch him.


Labradors are one of the easier dogs to train. Once a strong bond is developed, you will learn that Labradors love to please people. They can also be a sucker for attention and love the rewards (treats) that come with it.

The best way to train Labradors is starting at a young age. Labradors will learn commands and develop positive behavior as they grow into adulthood. Training Labradors later in life isn’t impossible – but it can be more challenging.

Labradors as Guide Dogs

Labradors make exceptional guide dogs. As of this writing, Labradors are the most popular breed used for guide dogs. Labradors are the preferred breed, because of their high intelligence and ability to work long hours.

In fact most programs use Labradors, Golden Retrievers, German Shepherds, or crosses between Golden and Labrador Retrievers. Labradors also make great guide dogs, because of their public acceptance. They are one of the most popular dog breeds so they are easily recognizable.

Labradors and Hunting

You might not enjoy hunting, but you can’t deny the origins it has with this dog. It’s in the name – Labrador Retriever. Labradors are meant to retrieve. This concept stems from spending hours outside retrieving ducks and other small animals.

We’ve explained how Labradors are incredibly loyal dogs, in addition to being easily trainable. When you combine this trait with their physical features it makes them a top choice for hunting. Their heavy coat gives them the ability to spend hours outside while staying warm. And their webbed feet makes them a great combination for the water.

Labrador Characteristics – Conclusion

There are many different Labrador characteristics, which is why they make such perfect family dogs. Due to their rich history, Labradors have many desirable traits. Just know that they will return the favor, as long as you are willing and patient to work with them.

The history of this fantastic dog can be summed up in one word – retrieving. Many of their behavioral and personality traits can relate to that instinct to retrieve. Labradors want to show you that they are smart, loyal, and caring.

At the end of the day, every dog is different. And we are curious to know – what are the Labrador characteristics of your dog? Each dog has their own unique personality traits, so let us know in the comments below!


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